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Le château d'AmboiseCommune : Amboise
Area: Center
Department: The Indre-and-Loire
Postal code: 37400
Population: 11 968 inhabitants
Surface: 4 065 hectares
Altitude : 58 mètres.

Historical general information :
The plate of Châtelliers, significant strategic point, was colonized as of the Gallic time. A named agglomeration "Ambacia" or "Ambatia" developed in relation to a bridge on the Loire. With 4th, holy Martin founded there a church to replace a pagan temple. Amboise belonged to a powerful comtale family and, in 1434, was confiscated by Charles VII. The castle was the residence of Charlotte of Savoy, marries of Louis XI. Their son, Charles VIII, was born to with it and lived there; of return of Italy, it made there carry out significant work; in 1498, it died there of the continuations of one wound to the head against a low door. The castle was then inhabited by Louis XII and François Ier; this one attracted near him Léonard de Vinci who lived and died in the manor of Closed-Lucé. In 1560 the conspiracy of Amboise took place: Protestants, directed by Renaudie, solved to remove the young king François II and to remove the Own way; repression was pitiless and Amboise was the theatre of a true massacre. To the XVIIème century, the castle was given to Gaston of Orleans, then was used as prison of State where Fouquet and Lauzun were held. To the XVIIIème century, it belonged to the duke of Choiseul, whose sumptuous castle of Chanteloup, rival of Versailles, was destroyed in 1823. Given by Napoleon Ier the third provisional consul Roger Ducos, the castle of Amboise was partially demolished of 1806 to 1810; thereafter, it sheltered the exile of Abd El-Kader, 1848 to 1852, before being returned in 1873 at the house of Orleans. It belongs today to the town of Amboise.

Characteristics :
Site of the plate of Châtelliers, significant archaeological excavations: Neolithic layer; hiding-place of bronze, oppidum pre-Roman (movable of Tène, Gallic currencies); Gallo-Roman habitat and furniture. Gallic ramparts and ditches. Castle XVème and XVIème centuries: driving passage arched with the terrace, supported by thick walls, turn of Tiny and Hurtault turn, massive circular towers provided with slopes suitable for motor vehicles concentric; home of the King 1491: room of the States with 2 naves, room of the guards, gallery with arcades, balcony of entreated, attic windows with pinnacles; wing Louis XII with worked attic windows; carry overcome Renaissance of a porcupine; Gothic furniture, Rebirth and Empire; gardens. Manor of Closed-Lucé brick and hones XVème century, restored: buildings out of horseshoe, octagonal turret of staircase, turret of guet, gallery with wood arcades, in the park, dependence of the priory Saint-Thomas XVème century. Field of Chanteloup: house of entry, house of the caretaker of the pagoda, old house of the gardener-chief; old sugar refinery; pagode1778 by Camus: high tower of 6 stages in withdrawal ones on the others, octagonal arrow; wooded part of the park; water part of 3 ha in half-moon, boulingrin. Strong castle XVème century: vault and gardens located in front of the castle. Town hall 1505, restored XIXème century. Hotel of Merry: frontage Rebirth, decorated cornice; garden Rebirth. Turn of the Clock, turn-carries strengthened XIVème century, surmounted by a belfry XVème century. Attics of César XVIème century: cellars dug in the rock, galleries leading to it connected by a staircase. Turn of enclosure, quay of the Mall. Houses XVème century: 42, street of the Harmony, and 2, Merry street. House XVIème century, street Rabelais, with the angle of the street Destouches. Hotel XVIème century, street Rabelais and place of the Trade. Hotel XVIIème century, 20 street of the Harmony. Monumental fountain by max Ernst 1968, quay of the Mall. In the surroundings: castles of Ménaudière XVème and XIXème centuries, Paradise XVIIIème and XIXème centuries, Roufflardière XIXème century néo-Rebirth. Church Saint-Denis XIIème century, altered XVème and XVIIème centuries, restored XIXème century: nave in a collateral collateral north and 2 south XIIème and XVIème centuries, vaults angevines, pilot wheels in cradle, square of the transept with antiquated ribbed vault, chorus and apse with 5 sides with vaults XVème century, 2 altered side chapels XVIème century, northern gate Romance, remade historiés capitals XIXème century, sepulchre XVIème century, lying of woman XVIème century (the "drowned Woman"), retable XVIIème century, fabric XVIIème century ("holy François of Paule received with Amboise"). Church Our-Lady-of-End-of-Bridges XVIème Century, Altered XIXème Century: retable XVIIème century, Christ of wood XVIème century. Church Saint-Florentin cheese XVème Century, Altered XIXème Century: nave with collateral, apse with 3 sides, blazing windows, bell-tower XVIème century; stoup XVème century. Old Midsummer's Day vault of the Island XIIème and XIIIème centuries. Vault Saint-Hubert (vault of the castle) 1493: nave of a span, transept, apse with 3 sides, ribbed vaults to carved keys, gate with the rich person decoration surmounted by a high relief (legends of saint Christophe and Hubert saint); modern stained glasses by max Ingrand, bones among which are those of Léonard de Vinci. Vault of Closed-Lucé (oratorical of Anne of Brittany): frescos XVIème century, by the pupils of Léonard de Vinci. Former priory of Saint-Thomas XVème and XIXème centuries. With the cemetery: tombs of Léonard Perrault, the duke of Choiseul and Henri-Michel d' Amboise. 4 silos known as "attics of César, galleries and staircase, street of the Harmony. Bollée wind mill, of column type, the pump and its shelter, in Gabillère. Museum of the town hall: Virgin of the belfry XIVème century, tapestries of Aubusson coming from Chanteloup, portraits of the duke of Choiseul, letters of kings de France. Museum of the Post office, with the hotel of Merry: documents on the post office with the horses, models of diligences, costumes of postilion, first tourist guide of France (published in 1553). Visit castle: Gothic furniture and Rebirth, tapestries of Aubusson XVIIème century, portraits of the family of Orleans. Small museum in the "house of the caretaker" of the Pagoda. Visit Closed-Lucé: furniture XVème and XVIème centuries, XVIème tapestries and XVIIème centuries, memories of Léonard de Vinci, models produced by IBM according to the drawings and plans of Vinci. Magic house: 300 characters animated in 25 tables. House of art mocrominiature: portaire of Rabelais on a seed of poppy, gold sculptures on a hair, the smallest book of the world.

Sites :
Site of the castle, on a plate dominating the Loire Valley, with its confluence with Piles up. Accesses of the castle. Site of the pagoda of Chanteloup with the water part. Park of Closed-Lucé. Property Richardière, in the west of the city. Cemetery and alley bordered of yews. Island Midsummer's Day. Together banks of the Loire. Forest of Amboise. Tourist road racing set.

Resources and productions :
Forestry development. Vines, orchards, tobacco. AOC Touraine-Amboise. Agricultural cooperatives. Tourist cellar. Gastronomical specialities (pork-butcheries, fish of the Loire).

Local life :
Flowered city "2 flowers". Green station. Fair of Spring: third weekend of April. Fair with Melons: first Wednesday of September. Fair of Sainte-Catherine: second Saturday of November. Annual stock sale: last weekend of June. Market: Friday, Sunday. Employers' festival: June 24. Celebrates Eggs, with the Pagoda of Chanteloup: Easter Monday. Celebrates of Saint-Hubert: first Sunday of November. Historical spectacle with characters in costumes of time: July and August (with the castle). Show of the antique dealers: July. Commandery of the High-class wines of Amboise (since 1967). Visit royal castle. Visit pagoda of Chanteloup and gardens. Visit Lucé Field. Visit city in the small train. Mini park castles: reconstitution of 43 castle of the Loire Valley to the 1/25°, on 2 hectares; cinema 3d; park with 600 bonsaïs. Walks in carriole, attachment. Fish, drives out, pedestrian excursions, passage of the GR3, horsemanship. Swin golf Arbrelle (8 hectares): 18 holes. Complex tourist of the Gold island (old Midsummer's Day island). Camp-site, VVF, inn of youth. Ring Ambacia (local history, archaeological research and linguistics). MJC. Office of tourism.

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